Types of Heart Surgery The cardiac surgery program at Stanford offers the following treatments and procedures:. Aortic surgery Surgery to repair or replace aortic aneurysms and aortic dissections. Aortic valve surgery Surgery to repair or replace an aortic valve that is not working correctly. Arrhythmia surgery A surgical procedure to correct irregular heart rhythms such as atrial fibrillation or ventricular tachycardia. Congenital heart surgery Corrective surgery to fix or treat a genetic heart defect.
Coronary artery bypass graft CABG surgery A surgical procedure used in which the blocked portion of the coronary artery is bypassed with another piece of blood vessel. Heart transplant A surgical option to treat advanced heart failure, a condition that occurs when the heart can't pump enough oxygenated blood to meet the needs of the body's organs. Left ventricular assist device LVAD A mechanical device which aids in the pumping function of the blood. Transmyocardial revascularization TMR A procedure used to relieve severe angina or chest pain in patients who aren't candidates for bypass surgery or angioplasty.
Valvular surgery Heart valve surgery used to repair or replace diseased heart valves.
Devices and Surgical Procedures to Treat Heart Failure
Previous Section Next Section. Heart Surgery Clinic Pioneering advanced treatment for conditions like congestive heart failure, aortic disease, arrhythmia, cardiomyopathy, and valvular heart disease. Clinical Trials. MyHealth Login. It seems that you're in Germany. We have a dedicated site for Germany. Management of Heart Failure: Surgical will provide the full spectrum of surgical options, ICU management and rehabilitation, while also referencing heavily the companion volume of Management of Heart Failure: Medical by introducing the medical options in heart failure.
The contributing authors are all key opinion leaders in the medical management of heart failure. This volume is designed to integrate with its sister medical title, but also alone be the definitive guide to the surgical management of heart failure.
He is a professor in the Department of Surgery. An internationally recognized leader in cardiac surgery, Raman has pioneered numerous new surgical procedures, focusing primarily on heart transplantation and the treatment of heart failure. These innovations include techniques to stop the heart from enlarging in heart failure patients; a method of restoring the shape and size of scarred heart chambers; the development of new surgical instruments for the minimally invasive removal of tissue that causes abnormal heart rhythm; and new techniques for repairing the heart's mitral and tricuspid valves.
The outlook for people with heart transplants is good during the first few years after the transplant. In fact, about 90 percent of patients live for more than a year after their operations. However, the number of patients who receive heart transplants is still relatively low — around 2, each year. Read more about heart transplants. Heart failure can develop when blockages in the coronary arteries restrict the blood supply to the heart muscle. Removing these blockages can improve overall heart function, which may improve or resolve heart failure symptoms.
PCI, often called angioplasty, is one type of procedure to reopen blocked blood vessels. View an illustration of coronary arteries. The procedure is usually performed in the cardiac catheterization lab. A small tube catheter with a tiny deflated balloon on the end is inserted through an incision in the groin or other area where the artery can be accessed and pushed through to the diseased artery.
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Then the balloon is inflated to push open the artery. The balloon is removed once the artery has been fully opened. Watch an animation of PCI.
Pacemakers and Defibrillators
During this procedure, surgeons remove healthy blood vessels from another part of the body, such as a leg or the chest wall. They then surgically attach the vessels to the diseased artery so that the blood can flow around the blocked section.
Doctors also recommend increasing physical activity to strengthen the heart muscles. View an illustration of coronary artery bypass. Heart failure is sometimes caused by a defective or diseased heart valve. Heart valves regulate the flow of blood inside the heart. For some valve problems, medical management is the first step in treatment.
Correcting the problem surgically often improves or resolves the condition as well. A variety of different replacement valves can be used, including a mechanical valve made from metal and plastic, or one made from human or animal tissue.